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In India, the quality of life of tribal people during pre-independence period was more deplorable and their main occupation was hunting, gathering of wood and forest products and traditional practice of agriculture. Due to destruction of forest and non availability of proper facilities, tribal were forced to lead a miserable life. After independence special attention was given for the upliftment of the tribal people under several developmental schemes and it was mandatory on the part of the state government to make all the efforts to improve economic, social, and educational standard of the tribal people.
Due to the welfare programmes tribal communities also made themselves conscious about their own upliftment. Now tribes are engaged in struggle for survival. They seek identity, autonomy equality and empowerment. They became more vibrant with new expectation, they are moving out of their isolation to participate in all struggles in all institution as equals.
India is home to a large number of tribes with population of about 70 million. In terms of geographical distribution about 55% of tribals lived in central India, 28% in west, 12% in North-East India, 4% in South India and 1% elsewhere. Each tribal community is rich and unique in there culture, folk tales, folk songs and folk stories.
I had an opportunity to work in tribal areas of Odisha and to study their life style. This photograph is taken in Mayurbhanj district of Odisha.
In the Life in rural village photo essay.
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