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The Parthenon (ancient Greek: Î Î±ÏÎ¸ÎµÎ½ÏŽÎ½) is a temple of the Greek goddess Athena, built in the 5th century BC on the Athenian Acropolis. It is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece, generally considered to be the culmination of the development of the Doric order. Its decorative sculptures are considered one of the high points of Greek art. The Parthenon is regarded as an enduring symbol of ancient Greece and of Athenian democracy, and one of the world's greatest cultural monuments. The Greek Ministry of Culture is currently carrying out a program of restoration and reconstruction.
The Parthenon replaced an older temple of Athena, called the Pre-Parthenon or Older Parthenon, that was destroyed in the Persian invasion of 480 BC. Like most Greek temples, the Parthenon was used as a treasury, and for a time served as the treasury of the Delian League, which later became the Athenian Empire. In the 6th century AD, the Parthenon was converted into a Christian church dedicated to the Virgin. After the Ottoman conquest, it was converted into a mosque in the early 1460s, and it even had a minaret. On 26 September 1687 an Ottoman ammunition dump inside the building was ignited by Venetian bombardment. The resulting explosion severely damaged the Parthenon and its sculptures.
The word democracy comes from two Greek words, Î´Î®Î¼Î¿Ï‚ (dÄ“mos), "people" and ÎºÏÎ¬Ï„Î¿Ï‚ (kratos), "rule, strength", but I believe the concept is as old as mankind. "Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness", "LibertÃ©, EgalitÃ©, FraternitÃ©" & "Power to the People" are all intertwined in its fabric.
Canon EOS 350 D camera with a Canon EFS 18-55mm lens
Also by John Linton
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