Island Pag - Island of wind, salt and stone
12 Aug 2009
The island of Pag is the surface of 5th the largest island in the Adriatic Sea, Croatia, but the long coastline of 269.2 km, most developed island of the Adriatic. (coefficient indentedness 4.5).
The island is known for its poor coverage of vegetation and it is often compared with moon surface. Rocky landscape with only vlati aromatic plants that graze sheep creates a little spooky feeling, and the result is the position of the island under the Velebit with a whole year (especially in winter) blow strong bora which to bring their own salt from the Velebit Channel.
The island is, on the southern side, it can reach a bridge (340 m) from Zadar, or ferry to Žigljen the north of the island from the port Prizna. The fact that in both cases, the island is approached from its release, the eastern side sometimes, when visitors who come first, causing a shock.
Pag Island is the only island that is split between two counties. The northern part of the island (Novalja) is situated in Lika-Senj, a southern (town of Pag, the municipality and the municipality Kolan Povljana) in Zadar County.
Pag island was inhabited in the Neolithic period. The oldest known name of the island, Kiss, prior to ilirski origin. The hamlet on a hill Metajna Zaglava, there are remains of wall paintings unknown age, showing human figures. The remains of a large number historical villages and burial tumulus from the Bronze and Iron Age.
The iron age on the island have lived Liburnians. Between Luna and Novalja, on the St.. Vid - Dolac, there is a necropolis with the findings of ceramics from the Bronze and Iron Age, and from the Roman period.
In the area Novalja found the remains of three early Christian basilica, which dates from the 4th and 5 century.
Pag among the islands that are the least populated Croats. Povljane at the three sites in the old necropolis discovered near the remains of medieval villages. Island or a large part of the surrounding islands, it is likely that he was a royal estate. Thomas speaks in favor of donations Petar Kresimir from 1069th which gives the island of St. Maun. Krševan in Zadar.
Pag population starts in 19th century emigrate to America. Solana until 1909. were in private ownership, and then turns to the state property, which improve the production of salt. After the First World War Pag was under Italian occupation until 1921.
In November of 1944. two British destroyer, Wheatland and Avonvale, west of Paga sunk two German torpiljarke and one destroyer. 11. September 1944. naval infantry NOVJ carry out the attack on the landing town, defended by less Ustaške power. The island was finally liberated in 1945