Photo Essay

Poverty in India

poor and destitute...needs care and love

India is the only country in the South Asia region that is on its way to achieve the first Millennium Development Goal (MDG) to halve the number of people living in extreme poverty by 2015.

Since its independence, the issue of poverty within India has remained a prevalent concern. As of 2010, more than 37% of India's population of 1.35 billion still lives below the poverty line. More than 22% of the entire rural population and 15% of the urban population of India exists in this difficult physical and financial predicament.

The division of resources, as well as wealth, is uneven in India - this disparity creates different poverty ratios for different states. For instance, states such as Delhi and Punjab have low poverty ratios. On the other hand, almost half the population in states like Bihar and Orissa live below the poverty line.A number of factors are responsible for poverty

A number of factors are responsible for poverty in the rural areas of India. Rural populations primarily depend on agriculture, which is highly dependent on rain patterns and the monsoon season. Inadequate rain and improper irrigation facilities can obviously cause low, or in some cases, zero production of crops.Indian system of agricultural marketing suffers from a number of defects. As a consequence, the Indian farmer is deprived 'of a fair price for his produce. Additionally, the Indian family unit is often large, which can amplify the effects of poverty. The government has planned and implemented poverty eradication programs, but the benefits of these programs are yet to bear fruits. Increasing Poverty in India

The phenomenal increase in population in the cities is one of the main reasons for poverty in the urban areas of India. A major portion of this additional population is due to the large scale migration of rural families from villages to cities. This migration is mainly attributed to poor employment opportunities in villages.

Since 1970, the Indian government has implemented a number of programs designed to eradicate poverty, and has had some success with these programs. The government has sought to increase the GDP through different processes, including changes in industrial policies. There is a Public Distribution System, which has been effective to some extent. Other programs include the Integrated Rural Development Program, Jawahar Rozgar Yojana and the Training Rural Youth for Self Employment (TRYSEM), and other on-going initiatives.On the positive side, in recent times, rural India too has witnessed development but there's still a long way to go. There may be TV sets and mobile phones in every household but modern education is still beyond the reach of many children in rural areas.

However, there's no denying the fact that rural India is now a huge market with great potential for development. This, in fact, holds the key to sustainable economic growth of the country.

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10 responses

  • Carol Holmes

    Carol Holmes gave props (8 Dec 2011):

    I am saddened by heart goes out to the people of India, especially children in your country, well written essay with heartfelt images. I think it should be printed.

  • Saroj Swain

    Saroj Swain gave props (8 Dec 2011):

    thanks Carol.....

  • John Linton

    John Linton gave props (8 Dec 2011):

    Hell YEAH! Rad!

  • Robin

    Robin gave props (8 Dec 2011):

    Your story and photos really bring this to life. It seems overwhelming to have this kind of poverty. There is hope in some of the eyes of the young. Maybe they will lead the way to a better life for the poor. Thank you for sharing, as always!

  • Saroj Swain

    Saroj Swain gave props (10 Dec 2011):

    Thanks Robin and John.....

  • Patty Gross

    Patty Gross (Deleted) gave props (11 Dec 2011):

    A very informative and well-constructed article. It opens our eyes in many ways as to why India has so many of their citizens living in abject poverty. I am glad to learn the Indian government is making attempts to elevate their people to a higher standard of living, one in which everyone can enjoy the quality of life which God intended us to have. I also believe that improvements in the lifestyle of the impoverished will come from caring, well-educated, and dedicated entrepreneurs who invest time, energy, and money into the education and training of their fellow citizens, so that they may learn a trade which will allow them to earn a sustainable income for themselves and their families. This is a very important international issue which should most definitely be published. Well done, Saroj! Voted!!

  • Saroj Swain

    Saroj Swain gave props (11 Dec 2011):

    Thanks Patty!!

  • MindTheStep

    MindTheStep gave props (22 Dec 2011):

    Wonderful essay! my vote!

  • Robert Sand

    Robert Sand said (8 Feb 2012):

    Fine story, well illustrated. India has come a long way; and has a ways to go.

  • Harsh Wardhan

    Harsh Wardhan said (9 Feb 2015):

    true story, well written

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