Monkey menace in India
By Saroj Swain
27 Jul 2014
Monkey Day is an unofficial holiday celebrated internationally on December 14. While the holiday is mainly about monkeys, it also celebrates other non-human primates such as apes, tarsiers, and lemurs.
India has wide range of destinations with diversity among the region and habitats such as forests, grasslands, wetlands and deserts. All together there are 13 species of Monkey is available in Indian sub continent.The bio diversity of India support variety of flora and fauna and the monkeys are one of them. India is home to large family of monkeys species distributed from evergreen Western Ghats to north east states and dry forests of central India. The Phayre's Langur is the state animal of Tripura but species of lutung.
The Hanuman langurs are are biggest species of Old World monkeys found in the Indian subcontinent. Gray Langurs are large, gray or yellowish and black face, ears monkeys and the largest species of monkey found in Asia. Other sub species of Gray Langurs in India are black-footed gray langur, Tufted gray langur and Kashmir gray langur. ( Black face)
The rhesus monkey is one of the most famous species of Old World monkeys and distributed in large population across the country. Rhesus Macaques is native to Asia and have a widest geographic ranges in India, Rajasthan, Delhi and Varanasi are few city place to located these monkeys in temples and society. ( Red face)
A common enough monkeys found in India, it has a tail longer than its head or body. In fact, the bonnet macaques have the longest tail among all monkeys found in India. Found in peninsular India, these macaques are often seen sitting in a group of 20-30 feeding on the ground or sitting on trees.
In the mythology of Hinduism, India's majority religion, Hanuman is the monkey commander of an army of monkeys. As recounted in the great Hindu Sanskrit poem the Ramayana ("Romance of Rama"), Hanuman led his army to help RamaÃ¢an important Hindu god Ã¢recover Rama's wife, Sita, from the demon Ravana, king of Lanka. In recognition of his services to Rama, Hanuman is upheld by Hindus as a model for all human devotion, and monkeys are, by extension, considered sacred. They have been allowed to go about their business unmolested, and many people leave fruit and other food out in public spaces for the monkeys, which encourages them to congregate.
But in recent years reports of increasing monkey aggression and burgeoning monkey populations have been on the rise in India, and public opinion is turning against the simians. Urban sprawl and deforestation in the world's second most populous country are largely to blame for the increase in monkey-related strife, as buildings and other development take over an ever-larger share of the habitat of native animals. In the capital territory of Delhi, where cows and elephants also roam the streets, government buildings are overrun with rhesus macaques, probably the most common local monkey species. It is estimated that tens or even hundreds of thousands of monkeys of various species live in the Delhi metropolitan area. A large number of them live on Raisina Hill, where government offices are concentrated. Monkeys run through offices, attack workers, screech, and wreak havoc with the files. They have scattered top-secret documents and snapped power lines. On the streets, they snatch food from people, pick pockets, ride buses and subways, and drink alcohol. They have bitten people and threatened visitors.
Primatologist mapped the problem since the early 1980s when it first began, calls this process a "farce". "Monkeys are not staying inside the sanctuary simply because they do not have access to the kind of food they eat. Instead, they have now started raiding villages around the sanctuary. Most have come back to the city. Colonies which never had a monkey problem are now infested with them,