Lattice Art.

Carving Tracks.
Bayani's Hand Tools.
Photostrips with numbered tabs at the end.
Edgar Bayani at work on Apple PowerMac 8500.
Edgar Bayani applies adhesive to slat.
Edgar Bayani adheres each strip to a slat.
Setting Lattice Slats in tracks.
Nude prior to Lattice process.
Edgar Bayani's Lattice Nude.
Original Print Moscow Ballet Dancers
Latticed Version Moscow Ballet Dancers



Carl Kuntze

Edgar Bayani, semi-retired Filipino advertising photographer, began experimenting

with lattice images in 1998, using illustration boards as prototypes. He was searching for new ways to display his photographs. His results, while quite striking, didn't really leap to

the eye to command attention until he converted to wood. It was an eminently difficult pro-

cess, deconstructing, then reassembling his images on quarter inch slats of plywood, then

glueing them into a solid base, but the effect he obtained from the translated picture were so unique and emotionally evocative, he continued producing them. Even pedestrian snap-

shots became portrayals of uncommon beauty. It takes three weeks of painstaking, almost

uninterrupted labor to produce a 30" by 40" lattice picture, so he has to charge accordingly,

limiting commissions, but he's content to work from his own pictures. His works came to

public attention when former classmates from his fine arts school asked him to submit a few

pictures for a group exhibit. He sent two lattice panels, which stood out among conventional paintings submitted by his contemporaries. Deconstructed, then reassembled photo-graphs from 140 separate slats , they, nevertheless, were hypnotic visual magnets.

Bayani had been an industrial and advertising photographer for nearly thirty five years. He got there through a circuitous route, starting out in news, dance photography, then

shooting movie stills for runaway productions for US drive-ins. When he accumulated eno-

ugh capital, he opened his studio, developing a reputation for dependability. "In focus.

Well composed. Properly exposed. On Time" He explains his success. Meeting dead-lines was crucial for his chosen field. His training in art was never neglected. Not only was it

evident in his photography, he persisted drawing and painting in his spare time. He also

engaged in woodworking for relaxation. That he could combine his hobby with his occupa-tion was fortuitous. He begins with with a sheet of plywood, carving tracks with a mechanical tool. Then he gathers quarter inch slats 40 inches long. Planing each slat smooth, then sha-ving connective slots by hand. He then lays the woodwork aside.


Selecting the picture he wants to lattice, he scans them into his computer with a UMax 2000 scanner, scaling the dimensions to a ratio to produce 30 by 40 " images at 100 dpi. He saves the image after converting it to a grayscale, then reduces the file size to one manageable by his program. Regulating the contrast according to his judgement, he applies the straight line screen, adjjusting the screen lines to 3.5 per inch. Extracts a small portion to print in his Epson 1200 printer to evaluate the actual width of the lines. He corrects any aberration, then prints another small portion to ascertain it comes up to 1/4 inch per line. He then types the numbers inside the lines on opposite sides of the photo for consecutive sequencing. Saving as TIFF, he places it in illustrator program and readjusting the document size to 30 by 40 ", tiles all imageable areas so they can be printed in 9 13 x 17 panels (Super A3 size) leaving three quarter inch borders on areas to be joined. Carefully aligning the segments to a single 30 by 40 " image, he binds them together with adhesive. Then, using a straight edge utility knife guided by a metal ruler, he slits the lines a little less than 1/4th inch to produce 140 slrips 1/4th inch by 30 inches long.

He returns to the wooden slats prepared beforehand. The precise dimensions of the 140 pieces of wood is 1/4 x 2 x 30. The strips are glued on the 1/4th of an inch face.

The printed strips are his carving guides. He scrapes off all the dark areas leaving the light

portions on both sides of each slat, numbering each one so as not to lose the sequence after removing excelss media. The slats are then thinly coated with Elmer's Wood Glue and laid one by one in predetermined tracks on the 30 by 40 marine plywood bed, image

side exposed. Small pieces of spacers (measurijg about 1/16th of an inch, the size of a popsickle stick) separate each slat. Once the reconstruction is complete, the lattice are laid

on a flat surface to set for a day. Finishing is done by sanding the sides and surface smooth, followed by the application of two coats of Boysen Clear Gloss Varnish. The

lattice is now ready for viewing.


The subject dancers in two of his lattice images are members of The Moscow City

Ballet Troupe, who were visiting performers in Manila about a decade before. His nudes are quiet examinations of form rather than sensuality. The family portrait was provided by the client, a wealthy real estate developer. Edgar Bayani is currently experimenting with

aluminum prints, commencing with small ones until he has tamed the medium.

His instruments are:

PowerMac 8500 Computer

UMax 2000 Scanner

Epson 1200 Printer

A 36 inch metal ruler

A common utility knife with replaceable blades.

Materials are:

Epson ink cartridges.

A3 Photographic Paper, either Kodak, Epson, or Canon.

Marine Plywood for Base. Slats for photostrips.

Elmer's Carpenter Glue. Full strength to attach wood. Diluted to attach strips.


Although Edgar Bayani may not have been aware of it. Perhaps, his inspiration comes from a subliminal memory embedded in his mind. Islamic Puertra, rectilinear inter-laced lattices, found in woodwork (artesonado ceilings, mosque minbars, doors and win-dows.), inlay furniture, ceramic tiles (courtyards, cupolas, roofs.) wrought iron, stucco reliefs,

tapestry, and other Islamic art and architectural disciplines, past and present, especially in Al-Andalus, and later, Spanish Mudejar, designs of intricate complexity.

(Source: Javier Sanchez Gonzalez, Geometric Architecture. )

Examples can be found in The Alcazar (Segovia, Spain.), Konya Museum (Turkey.)

The Alcazar (Malaga, Spain.) among many others in The Middle East.

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—The JPG team

47 responses

  • Spectre Photo

    Spectre Photo said (2 Oct 2008):

    I thought this was very informative and detailed article about an amazing artist..(my vote)

  • Anne Worner

    Anne Worner (Deleted) said (29 Oct 2008):

    Informative documentary of a tedious and painstaking process to produce some incredible art.

  • dp *

    dp * said (31 Oct 2008):

    Very good story, detailed and well written. Loved the Lattice Photo Art and thanks for presenting this technique to me it's a very intense process.

  • Lynn H

    Lynn H (Deleted) gave props (23 Nov 2008):

    Facinating story and photos!

  • Frank Summers

    Frank Summers gave props (27 Nov 2008):

    Well written, very good story! GMV

  • Scott Eagle

    Scott Eagle gave props (3 Dec 2008):

    Great article. It definitely gets you thinking differently.

  • Ævar B. Jak.

    Ævar B. Jak. gave props (21 Dec 2008):

    Excellent article! Interesting and unique artist at work.

  • Ted Gorczyca

    Ted Gorczyca gave props (1 Jan 2009):

    great job, good story and photos to go along

  • Luiz Fernando Ramos

    Luiz Fernando Ramos gave props (28 Jan 2009):

    Interesting kind of art. Great article !

  • Joy B

    Joy B gave props (12 Feb 2009):

    Fascinating! Very well written! Thanks!

  • *Tim Needles

    *Tim Needles gave props (21 Feb 2009):

    Interesting process and really creative results- great story!

  • Sk Wier

    Sk Wier gave props (25 Feb 2009):

    Excellent article! I also enjoyed the photographs! Has my vote!

  • Christopher J Chalk

    Christopher J Chalk gave props (26 Feb 2009):

    Amazing story of a clever Artist, who is prepared to do the hard yards to get unique results! (voted)

  • stephanie a

    stephanie a gave props (26 Feb 2009):

    Amazing and informative story.. I like it!

  • Fred Moskey

    Fred Moskey gave props (23 Mar 2009):

    Interesting article, I voted yes!

  • Mark Williams

    Mark Williams gave props (25 Mar 2009):

    Fascinating story about an art that I now can appreciate from a new perspective- well written!

  • Martin Thomas

    Martin Thomas (Deleted) said (13 Aug 2009):

    A great article about a true and very talented artist.

  • matraguna

    matraguna (Deleted) said (10 Sep 2009):

    absorbing story !

  • Litz Go

    Litz Go gave props (26 Oct 2009):

    This is a great photo essay, Carl. I wish that it will be publish. My vote.I'll spread this article around.

  • William Chu

    William Chu said (16 Dec 2009):

    Excellent story. Real original art work!

  • Donald Garrett

    Donald Garrett gave props (14 Jan 2010):

    Intriguing procedure and expertly researched (and carried out) text! Well done

  • Gary Benefield

    Gary Benefield said (31 Jan 2010):

    nice work, can relate to what drive the subject, bonding with him

  • Novak Nastasić

    Novak Nastasić gave props (21 Feb 2010):

    Nice tribute to a wonderful artist. What a tedios process.

  • Val Behrens

    Val Behrens gave props (22 Jul 2010):

    Very intriguing essay! Voted!

  • Bianca Stewart

    Bianca Stewart (Deleted) gave props (15 Oct 2010):

    Not only is this essay informative, Carl, it is written with care and appreciation. Feels very personal to me, which is exactly what an essay should be. I very much enjoyed reading about Mr. Bayani's background and how he uses his training to make art.

  • Cristina Pascu

    Cristina Pascu gave props (22 Oct 2010):

    hard work...i'll think of this story everytime I feel like giving up on a certain subject

  • Scott Pugh

    Scott Pugh gave props (24 Oct 2010):

    terrific take on this unique process.

  • Chris Jennings

    Chris Jennings gave props (8 Feb 2011):

    A fascinating story.

  • Steve Baker

    Steve Baker (Deleted) gave props (8 Feb 2011):


  • Tridibesh Sanyal

    Tridibesh Sanyal said (15 Mar 2011):

    Very interesting and informative. Both, images and the essay creates a vivid picture of Mr. Edgar Bayani passion. Loved reading the story. Yeah, RAD!

  • Regenia Brabham

    Regenia Brabham gave props (7 Apr 2011):

    Such talent and so creative. Thank you for sharing this incredible work.

  • Maura Wolfson-Foster

    Maura Wolfson-Foster gave props (12 Apr 2011):

    Yes! Great dedication and artistry....on both parts.

  • Bruce Stradling

    Bruce Stradling gave props (6 Jul 2011):

    This was very interesting

  • Dzmitry Parul

    Dzmitry Parul gave props (2 Aug 2011):

    interesting story, and a nice technique of photo processing!

  • MindTheStep

    MindTheStep gave props (29 Oct 2011):

    My vote! interesting story!

  • Andrew Dutton

    Andrew Dutton (Deleted) said (19 Dec 2011):

    Great article, the details about the process were very precise.
    I would love to see an exhibition of Mr. Bayani's work!

  • Yaz Hawkins

    Yaz Hawkins said (26 Jan 2012):

    Very interesting story and fantastic photo technique! I fully enjoyed reading about it although seems like a lot of work but the result is pure art.

  • Yaz Hawkins

    Yaz Hawkins said (26 Jan 2012):


  • manuel rodolfo

    manuel rodolfo said (23 Mar 2013):

    This can be a good discussion for Art Appreciation classes ~ specifically, in the area of the Filipino artistry and creativity. Thank you for this photo essay.

  • manuel rodolfo

    manuel rodolfo said (23 Mar 2013):

    This can add flavor in Art Appreciation class discussion, specifically, in the area of the Filipino artistry and creativity. Thank you for this photo essay, Mr. Kuntze.

  • Katherine Nak

    Katherine Nak   gave props (17 Jul 2013):

    Wonderful art! Very interesting story, well written, and very informative..

  • Aloha Montgomery

    Aloha Montgomery said (11 Oct 2013):

    Enjoyed how the photos begins simply with the artist and a simple tool, and finishes with the beautiful, creative, transformed finished artwork. Interesting and informative story. I am now intrigued with lattice art!

  • Sonia Adam Murray

    Sonia Adam Murray gave props (15 Nov 2013):

    An interesting and enlightening read. I voted.

  • Lon Casler Bixby

    Lon Casler Bixby   gave props (9 Feb 2014):

    Very informative article - well done - voted :)

  • Barbara Kurth

    Barbara Kurth said (22 Mar 2014):

    Very interesting article .... I have never heard of Lattice art until now ! Voted !

  • Carlo Pagan

    Carlo Pagan said (27 Mar 2014):

    Excellent story and great photos!
    Congratulations Carl. My vote!

  • P L.

    P L. (Deleted) said (25 Apr 2014):

    Very impressive. Thank you so much for sharing:~)

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